Orthodontics is a field of dentistry that specialises in the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of dental and facial irregularities in children and adults.
The practice of orthodontics requires professional skills in the design, application and control of corrective appliances (such as braces), to align teeth, lips and jaws to achieve facial balance and straight teeth.
Heritage Dental Group understands the importance of how straight teeth can influence one’s appearance and overall confidence and self-esteem. Orthodontics not only provides positive cosmetic results but can also play an important role in reducing the need for future dental treatment.
Crooked and crowded teeth are often more difficult to clean and maintain which can contribute to conditions which cause tooth decay along with eventual gum disease and tooth loss. Other orthodontic problems can contribute to abnormal wear of tooth surfaces, inefficient chewing function and excessive stress on gum and bone. In addition, misalignment of the jaw joint can even cause chronic headaches or pain in the face or neck.
Children and adults alike can benefit from orthodontic treatment as healthy teeth can be moved at almost any age. It is however recommended that all children have an orthodontic screening no later than age seven, as some orthodontic problems may be easier to correct if treated early.
Orthodontic treatment can have a positive influence on the following dental problems
- Crowding of teeth
- Gaps between teeth
- Protruding upper teeth
- Under bite or lower protrusion
- Open or cross bite
- Deep over bite
Custom-made appliances such as braces and other devices are prescribed and designed by the orthodontist according to the problem being treated. By providing a constant, gentle force in a carefully controlled direction, braces can slowly move teeth through their supporting bone to a more desirable position.